Collection on Display IV
The Magic of the Object
It is not only the still-life which has become a recurring theme in photography since the early 19th century, but frequently also the intensive question about the material qualities of motifs that still preoccupies many photographers today. Apart from objects artfully arranged into still-lifes — a genre adopted from painting-photographers are frequently attracted to inconspicuous and trivial everyday objects. In particular the "New Vision" of the 1920s and 1930screated a factual, accurate style which led to numerous comprehensive pictorial compendia in the field of photography: plants and crystals, household objects and tableware were investigated with regard to their characteristics and captured in drastic light and dark photographs. The objects were used to investigate immanent qualities of photography, such as light and shadow, transparency and reflection, and photographers tried to make these "ephemeral" appearances visible with the help of glasses and bottles, cut-out paper and stencils.
The "thing in itself" becomes part of photography, when artists experiment with objects, place them onto photo-sensitive paper to generate pictures. Photograms are photographic images made without a lens or camera and are a direct projection of the object into two-dimensionality. Numerous artists have experimented with this technique since Surrealism, and some members of the younger generation of photographers also explore the presence and magic of a seemingly occult world of things.
The exhibition presents works from Herbert Bayer, Francis Bruguière, Peter Dressler, Jaromir Funke, Seiichi Furuya, Robert F. Hammerstiel, Kathi Hofer, Horakova/Maurer, Franz Kapfer, Hans Kupelwieser, Paul Kranzler, Franz Linschinger, Heinz Loew, MAHONY, Elfriede Mejchar, David Muth, Karel Novak, Hanns Otte, Paul Outerbridge, Pascal Petignat/Martin Scholz-Jakszus, Lois Renner, Tina Ribarits, Werner Schnelle, Eckart Schuster, Fritz Simak, Josef Sudek, Jutta Strohmaier and Hiroshi Sugimoto.